Refugees have unique migration experiences shaped by different forces including the legal, social and economic context at the national and international level. All of these factors affect their pre and post migration experiences. After they arrive into their host countries, they usually face difficulties in their integration process. Research has found that refugees face barriers to access employment, housing and health services, which puts them in a vulnerable socio-economic position. This vulnerable position in their new countries, combined with their unique migration experiences, puts them at risk of also showcasing detrimental health outcomes.
Social Capital is a useful concept to explore regarding refugee integration and health outcomes. Theories of refugee integration and empirical studies of refugee populations have highlighted the links between social capital and the positive impact in can have on their health.
It is important then, to identify social capital interventions that have been shown to improve the health outcomes of refugees and to asses their applicability in the Toronto context. This project aims at achieve those two goals.
About the Methods
First, a scoping review will identify and chart relevant literature on specific social capital interventions that have improved refugee’s health outcomes. This evidence-based research will provide those interested in the improvement of refugee health outcomes with possible interventions that could then be implemented and adapted to their specific contexts.
Following the scoping review, a consultation exercise following the Delphi Methodology, will be conducted to rank the interventions and assess their applicability to the Toronto based context.
The project then, aims at increasing refugee health outcomes in the Greater Toronto Area, by providing the necessary research evidence and stakeholder engagement that could result in the implementation of specific interventions. This could lead to address the health issues faced by the Toronto Refugee population.
Juan Camilo Sanchez • @JCSR_1
Juan holds a Master of Arts in Public Policy jointly awarded by the Central European University in Budapest, Hungary and the University of York in York, United Kingdom. He has interned with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Costa Rica and Hungary where he developed an interest and understanding of global refugee issues. He has participated in various research projects in Canada and internationally. His main interest is the integration of refugees into the labour market and more generally in issues surrounding immigration policy.